Dissertation and Book Project
Title: Redistributive Authoritarianism: Land Reform and Regime Survival in the Middle East and North Africa
My dissertation contributes a new understanding of redistribution under authoritarianism, and challenges prevailing theories about the positive relationship between redistribution and regime survival. I develop and test a theoretical framework for understanding regimes’ incentives to redistribute land, highlighting the trade-offs associated with different land reform strategies. The dissertation presents qualitative and quantitative evidence to show that stable and unstable MENA regimes consistently diverge over patterns of land redistribution. The first half of the dissertation documents the colonial roots of redistributive conflict, and uses large-N quantitative analysis to show how colonial legacies in MENA constrained regimes’ post-independence land redistribution strategies. Based on an original cross-country data set, my empirical findings suggest that radical, elite-targeted land redistribution occurs when the regime inherits an unpopular absentee landed elite from colonial rule on one hand, and a rising urban professional elite demanding reform on the other. In the second half of the dissertation, I process trace these mechanisms using detailed case studies of Jordan and Iraq, where I draw on subnational survey and observational data, as well as evidence from over 80 elite interviews, political biographies, government documents, and other primary-source Arabic material gathered during eighteen months of fieldwork in Jordan, the UK and the United States.
“The Colonial Origins of Land Reform in the Middle East and North Africa” (under review)
“European Union Funding and Sub-National Euroscepticism: Evidence from Poland” with Alexander Gard-Murray (under review)
“In the Shadows? Informal enterprise and the State in Jordan” with Kristin Fabbe (Harvard Business School) and Steve Monroe (Princeton University)
Hartnett, A. (2011) Entries for Energy Policy in Egypt, Jordan, Libya, and Qatar in Encyclopedia of Energy. Croton-on-Hudson, New York: Golson Media.
Hartnett, A. Review of Globalization & Social Movements: Islamism, Feminism and Social Justice, 2nd ed. by Valentine Moghadam. St. Antony’s International Review 10, No. 1 (May 2014): 135-37.
Wilson, G and Hartnett, A. UK Stabilisation Guidance for the Stabilisation Unit. United Kingdom Department for International Development, June 2016.
Hartnett, A. Protest, Unrest and State-Society Relations. International Peace Institute, June 2014.